Vivienne Westwood talks climate change in Bristol - what makes our city green?
You may have seen her beauty products in House of Fraser, or her clothing range splashed over the pages of Vogue. Now designer Vivienne Westwood is coming to Bristol to spread the word about climate change.
Westwood is one of a long list of high profile speakers descending on the city this week, shouting their environmentally-friendly message loud and clear as part of Bristol's Big Green Week.
The event is going strong until Sunday, with David Attenborough documentary screenings, debate forums and sustainability tours taking place across the city.
And it's not the first time Bristol has turned its hand to all things green - we've been shortlisted for the European Green Capital Award 2014. The award recognises cities which achieve high environmental standards and are committed to sustainable development.
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But how exactly has Bristol gone green? What have we done to become more environmentally friendly?
1) High carbon targets
Bristol has set higher carbon targets than the EU or UK: 40% by 2020 (2005 baseline), and is the only UK city to set a target to reduce total energy use in its city: 30-% by 2020.
2) Lowering emissions
So far a 15% overall reduction in carbon emission has been achieved between 2005-09, with 18% from organisations and businesses, 15% from domestic use and 8% from transport.
3) Changing transport
The council's transport plan reduced the per-person carbon emissions from local road transport by 14% between 2005 and 2009, and Bristol has successfully reduced per person carbon emissions from homes by 20%.
Cycling trips are up 63%, and the number of children driven to school is down by a fifth.
In 2008 the government appointed Bristol as the UK's first official Cycling City, with £22m invested over 18 months. Infrastructure developed included a 200km network of signed routes including 61km new segregated routes, and 20mph pilot areas covering one sixth of households in the city.
But the council acknowledges that while congestion is reducing, it is still higher than similar cites in the UK.
4) Low wastage
Bristol's residents produce the least amount of waste per person of any major English city and recycle a higher percentage of their waste than most cities. Bristol was one of the first UK major cities to introduce doorstep waste recycling over a decade ago.
In 2003 Bristol Council modernised household waste recycling centres to double the waste recovery rates, now over 75%, and last year introduced kerbside collections of mixed plastics.
5) Air quality
Bristol has not exceeded the EU limit values for ozone in recent years, and the council has invested in a comprehensive monitoring network for key pollutants.
6) Protecting greenfield sites
Since 2001, 98% of business development and over 95% of new homes were on brownfield land.
7) The Community Challenge Fund
The Community Challenge Fund hands out small awards to innovative projects which seek to increase the quality of life in their neighbourhood and cut their carbon emissions.
The fund, which helps them get going, has financed a whole host of projects, from Zero Carbon Bristol, which explores the possibility of Bristol as a leading Green Capital becoming a Zero Carbon City, to Street Cycle, which encourages Bristolians to get on their bikes.
8) Helping businesses become more sustainable
The Bristol Green Capital Partnership supports 140 businesses and organisations to take action, while the West of England Carbon Challenge gives free advice and support to businesses signing up to reducing their carbon footprint by 10%.
9) Leading the way with a strategy
Back in 2000 Bristol City Council was pilot of the ICLEI Cities for Climate Protection programme, created an emissions inventory and became one of the first councils to develop a Climate Protection and Sustainable Energy Strategy.
10) Plans for the future
Bristol Council has created an action plan and is aiming to invest more than £56m to save 21,450 tonnes/yr of CO2. Delivery has begun, and actions include a solar PV programme (£29m) and wind energy plan (£9m).
The council also intends to implement a £262m local road transport action plan, including a rapid transit network, a £50m integrated package to promote walking and cycling, and electric car charging points.