Street lighting "poor in Clifton"
A street lighting expert has said a lack of street lights in Clifton and Redland in Bristol, where several sex attacks were carried out last year, is unacceptable.
Lighting historian Simon Cornwell, from Cambridge, examined the lights in areas off Whiteladies Road and found it to be below standard.
Earlier this month, Carolyn Morris, an internet entrepreneur who lives in Osborne Road, told the Post she was scared to walk to her own front door because it was so dark in her street.
The 30-year-old said: "When the attacks were happening it got so bad that my boyfriend was wanting to come from his home to meet me at my car just so he could walk me to the door. It is not fair that women should be frightened walking around where they live."
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Emily Tuck, 24, of Apsley Road, Clifton added: "The street lighting in Clifton is absolutely ridiculous. It's so dark at night you can't see two feet in front of yourself on most streets."
The operations manager at the Nuffield Health, Fitness and Wellbeing centre on the Triangle avoids walking home from work along St John's Road because it is so dimly lit.
She said: "You don't feel safe at night at all. I don't understand how we can pay such high council tax yet have such rubbish street lighting."
Lighting expert Mr Cornwell told the Post: "The columns appear to be old gas lamp columns and were probably installed when there were no standards for street lighting in the 1920s.
"There is very long spacing between columns of 150 to 170 feet. This is far too much: even specifications drawn up in the 1930s suggest a spacing of at most 120 feet. I know these street lights were converted to electricity in the 1950s and then the current post-top lanterns, most of the light is cast outwards and not downwards, were installed in 1972.
"I believe the original lighting engineer thought enough light would reflect from the buildings and maturing trees to provide good indirect illumination. However, with more parked cars and even more tree foliage in 2009, these lanterns will be even more ineffective."
He added: "The street lighting in these roads is extremely poor by modern standards. Given the amount of parked cars casting shadows, and the maturing tree foliage, the lighting levels of these streets can only be getting worse. Street lighting was put up for residents so that they could see kerbs and walk to their homes safely. If that is not happening it is failing in its task. The lighting in these streets is unacceptable and needs to be replaced. The only solution is to replace them with modern lighting."
"I can well understand the anxieties these women feel about being alone in dark, quiet streets," Mrs Janke said last month.
She has promised that she will work with local police to look into the matter.
MP Stephen Williams said: "It is one of several issues regarding female safety that needs to be addressed with some urgency and I am addressing the matter."
His arrest came after women reported being attacked by a man between October 6 and November 2 last year.
Jackson has not pleaded to the charges and will next appear at Bristol Crown Court on June 5.